On the southern continent there is an absolute cold pole where average temperatures are, on average, 13 degrees lower than in the Arctic. In winter, temperatures in the interior regions reach -70⁰С, and in summer, they are rarely higher than -30⁰С. On the coast, in summer, the air can warm up from 0 to 5⁰С, and can fall from -8 to -35⁰С in the winter. The record for the lowest temperature in the world was set here, at Vostok station, on July 23, 1983 when mercury plummeted to -89.2⁰С. Such low temperatures, among other things, are explained by the height of the continent's ice cap above sea level.